AlgonquinCollegeLogo Small World - Big Picture
Back to Africa Landmarks - The Great Rift Valley
Africa Physical Map Centuries ago, volcanic eruptions occurred through out the eastern region of Africa, causing a rift that is now 6,400 km in length. This rift, known as the Great Rift Valley, is the world’s longest rift on the surface of the earth. These eruptions formed new landforms and mountains, such as Ethiopian Highlands, Mount Kilimanjaro, Mount Kenya and Mount Margarita. The valley is separated into two sections known as the Eastern and Western Rifts. The Eastern Rift starting in the Ethiopia region, extends southwards into Kenya, Tanzania and Malawi, ending in Mozambique. The Western Rift begins north of Lake Malawi and runs along the eastern border of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.


The topography of the Great Rift Valley ranges from volcanoes, desert land, plains and lakes. Several lakes were formed as a result of the rifting of the African plate. These include Lake Tanganyika, which is Africa’s deepest, located in Tanzania, and some lakes in Kenya. Many national parks are found in the Rift Valley where flora and fauna flourish in a protected and scenic environment. It is in the Great Rift Valley that the Olduvai Gorge is located. The Olduvai Gorge, in Tanzania, is an important source of archeological and anthropological information.
For more information, please visit: