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Back to Africa Landmarks - Lake Victoria
Africa Physical Map Covering a surface area of 68,800 sq km, Lake Victoria is Africa’s largest lake and the world’s second largest freshwater lake, covering a surface area of 68,800 sq km. The lake is situated between the Western and Eastern Rift Valleys. Lake Victoria is the main source of the Nile River and borders Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania. Kenya holds the smallest share of the lake, with only 3,785 sq km. The lake and its tributaries provide food (fish), transport and communication for the people of this region. They also provide water for both domestic agricultural and industrial use and hydropower generation for the bordering countries.

The Lake Victoria region is one of the most densely populated areas in Africa. Cities such as Kampala and Entebbe of Uganda located on the northern coast of the lake benefit significantly from the easy access of the water as does Bukoba, Mwanza and Musoma of Tanzania,  and Kisumu of Kenya.Lake Victoria has a number of islands known as the Ssese islands and is home to over 400 species of fish.
The lake has a hectic waterway network between the many villages and towns that are along the lake’s shores. The majority of the people living in this region are Bantu-speaking. This lake is a source of livelihood for the people of this part of East Africa. The population of the cities and towns along the shores of Lake Victoria continues to grow for two main reasons; the increasing demand for fish and improved transportation between the larger inland cities to the shore cities (Kisumu, Entebbe, Kampala, Bukoba).
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