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Back to Africa Landmarks - Mount Kilimanjaro
Africa Physical Map Located just three degrees south of the equator in Kilimanjaro National Park, Tanzania, Mount Kilimanjaro is the highest mountain in the continent of Africa. With an elevation of 5,895 m and a diameter of about 40 miles, it is the world’s tallest free-standing mountain. Kilimanjaro is comprised of three cones, known as Kibo, Mawenzi and Shira. Both Kibo and Mawenzi have permanent snow and ice caps. Kilimanjaro’s highest peak is the Uhuru Peak.



When climbing the mountain, climbers move from a tropical environment of rainforests to an arctic environment. Climbers do not need specialized mountaineering equipment or extensive mountain climbing experience. With the help of guides and porters, any fit person can make it to the top. The climb usually takes a total of five to six days with climbers spending four or five nights in mountain huts along the way. There are a number of different routes for climbers, including the easiest climb, Marangu, and others such as Machame, Shira, Umbwe and Rangai.
In the Kilimanjaro region, visitors are encouraged to meet and mingle with the local Chagga and Pare population. Many of these people live on the lower regions of the mountain. They are mostly engaged in agricultural activities such as growing coffee, maize and bananas. Watching the colours of the sunset reflected on the peaks of Mount Kilimanjaro is one of the most beautiful sights of this region.
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