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Seychelles

The Seychelles Archipelago is situated in the Indian Ocean, northeast of Madagascar. The French once administered the islands of the Seychelles but following a struggle with the British, the British took over full control of the islands in 1814. It was not until 1976 that these islands were granted full independence. Seychelles is amongst the most peaceful nations in the world. The population of Seychelles is multi-ethnic. Most Seychellois have a combination of racial mixtures; African, French, Indian, Chinese and Arab.  The Creole language spoken in Seychelles is a mix of Bantu and French, with some English and other African languages.  The Seychellois celebrate their heritage through different festivals such as the

Kreol Festival. This one-week festival takes place yearly, allowing the Seychellois to celebrate everything about their Creole culture, from cuisine, fashion, art, dance and music. The Mahé Island, which is the largest island is home to Seychelles's capital city, Victoria. It is on this island that most Seychellois live. This island is known for its many beaches, white sands and coconut palms. Victoria’s National Museum has a collection of displays that portray Seychellois history, music and folklore. Information about the history of the spice cultivation is also found at this museum. Some of the popular islands include Praslin, La Digue, Aldabra and Desroches.
CATEGORIES: Demographics - Quick Facts - Economy - Communications - Health Issues
Demographics
Country Flag: Seychelles's Flag

Five oblique bands of blue (hoist side), yellow, red, white, and green (bottom) radiating from the bottom of the hoist side

Nationality: Seychellois

Capital: Victoria

Population: 81,541 (July 2006 est.)

Age structure:

  • 0-14 years: 25.9%
  • 15-64 years: 68%
  • 65 years and over: 6.1% (2006 est.)  

Population growth rate: 0.43% (2006 est.)

Literacy rate:

  • ages 15 and above can read and write.
  • 91.9% of the population is literate (male: 91.4%, female: 92.3%) (2003 est.)

Major religions: Roman Catholic 82.3%, Anglican 6.4%, Seventh Day Adventist 1.1%, other Christian 3.4%, Hindu 2.1%, Muslim 1.1%, other non-Christian 1.5%, unspecified 1.5%, none 0.6% (2002 census)

Languages: Creole 91.8%, English 4.9% (official), other 3.1%, unspecified 0.2% (2002 census)

Quick Facts
Area:
  • total: 455 sq km
  • land: 455 sq km
  • water: 0 sq km

Area comparative to Canadian province: ten times smaller than Prince Edward Island

Natural resources: fish, copra, cinnamon trees

Environmental Issues: water supply depends on catchments to collect rainwater

Economy


Tourism is the largest industry in the economy of Seychelles. The economic growth of Seychelles is a direct result of the expansion of the tourist sector, which employs nearly 30% of the labour force. While the government continues to encourage foreign investment, it is also reducing its dependence on tourism by promoting the development of farming, fishing and small-scale manufacturing. Economic growth slowed down in 1998-2002 and fell in 2003 as a result of decreased tourism and the decline in the tuna industry. The tourism industry is highly affected by what is going on in the nearby countries. The tourism industry may remain slow-moving as visitors explore the neighbouring regions of Comoros, Mauritius and Madagascar.


Major industries:

  • fishing
  • tourism
  • processing of coconuts and vanilla
  • coir (coconut fiber) rope
  • boat building
  • printing
  • furniture
  • beverages

Agricultural products:

  • coconuts
  • cinnamon
  • vanilla
  • sweet potatoes
  • cassava (tapioca)
  • bananas
  • poultry
  • tuna

Oil production: 0 bbl/day (2003)

Railways: N/A

Road map: 280 km (paved: 176 km, unpaved: 104 km)

Currency: Seychelles rupees

Communications

Telephone lines in use: 21,200 (2004)

Cellular lines in use: 54,500 (2003)

Television Stations: 2 (plus 9 repeaters) (1997)

Radio Stations: AM 1, FM 1, shortwave 2 (1998)

Internet users: 20,000 (2005)

Health Issues

HIV/AIDS adult prevalence rate: N/A

People living with HIV/AIDS: N/A

More Information

For more informaiton, please visit:
http://cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/se.html