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Togo

Togo lies in West Africa, bordering the Bight of Benin, Ghana, Benin and Burkina Faso. Before World War One, Togo was a German protectorate and following World War One, the British and French took over this territory. The western part was ruled by the British and this land was incorporated into the present Ghana. French Togoland became Togo in 1960 when independence was granted. Politically, Togo has been unstable and remains somewhat excluded from the international community due to its alleged human rights abuses. Togo is pushing for improvements in its political, social and economic sectors. This country is home to beautiful landscapes and captivating wildlife. The national parks (Fazao National Park, Kéran National Park) of Togo are

filled with a variety of animals, from elephants and antelopes to different kinds of tropical birds. From coffee and cocoa farms, to waterfalls and palm plantations, everyone enjoys the landscape of this country. Togo’s capital city, Lomé is located next to the Bight of Benin. It is the only capital in the world that sits next to a border. This city shelters much of the country’s past with its colonial architecture. The fetish market in Lomé sells everything from traditional remedies to carved figures that are known for protecting one against evil. In parts of Togo, churches and cemeteries left by the Germans are still standing.
CATEGORIES: Demographics - Quick Facts - Economy - Communications - Health Issues
Demographics
Country Flag: Togo's Flag

five equal horizontal bands of green (top and bottom) alternating with yellow; there is a white five-pointed star on a red square in the upper hoist-side corner; uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia

Nationality: Togolese

Capital: Lome

Population: 5,548,702 (July 2006 est.)

Age structure:

  • 0-14 years: 42.3%
  • 15-64 years: 55.1%
  • 65 years and over: 2.6% (2006 est.)  

Population growth rate: 2.72% (2006 est.)

Literacy rate:

  • ages 15 and above can read and write.
  • 60.9% of the population is literate (male: 75.4%, female: 46.9%) (2003 est.)

Major religions: indigenous beliefs 51%, Christian 29%, Muslim 20%

Languages: French (official and the language of commerce), Ewe and Mina (the two major African languages in the south), Kabye (sometimes spelled Kabiye) and Dagomba (the two major African languages in the north)

Quick Facts
Area:
  • total: 56,785 sq km
  • land: 54,385 sq km
  • water: 2,400 sq km

Area comparative to Canadian province: slightly bigger than Nova Scotia

Natural resources: phosphates, limestone, marble, arable land

Environmental Issues: deforestation attributable to slash-and-burn agriculture and the use of wood for fuel; water pollution presents health hazards and hinders the fishing industry; air pollution increasing in urban areas

Economy


Togo remains heavily dependent on commercial and subsistence agriculture, which employs 65% of the labour force. Basic foods must be imported to feed this country’s population. While cotton is the most important cash crop of the country, cotton, coffee and cocoa all generate 40% of export revenues. Togo is also the world’s fourth-largest producer of phosphate. During this past decade, the Togolese government has been implementing economic reform measures, with the support of the World Bank and the IMF. They have also worked hard on encouraging foreign investment, and bringing revenues in line with expenditures. However, this process has been rather gradual. The progress of the Togolese economy depends on privatization, increased openness in government financial operations, progress toward legislative elections, and continued support from foreign donors. Togo is working on receiving a debt reduction plan.


Major industries:

  • phosphate mining
  • agricultural processing
  • cement
  • handicrafts
  • textiles
  • beverages

Agricultural products:

  • coffee
  • cocoa
  • cotton
  • yams
  • cassava (tapioca)
  • corn
  • beans
  • rice
  • millet
  • sorghum
  • livestock
  • fish

Oil production: 0 bbl/day (2003)

Railways: 568 km

Road map: 7,520 km (paved: 2,376 km, unpaved: 5,144 km)

Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine franc

Communications

Telephone lines in use: 60,600 (2003)

Cellular lines in use: 220,000 (2003)

Television Stations: 3 (plus two repeaters) (1997)

Radio Stations: AM 2, FM 9, shortwave 4 (1998)

Internet users: 221,000 (2005)

Health Issues

HIV/AIDS adult prevalence rate: 4.1% (2003 est.)

People living with HIV/AIDS: 110,000 (2003 est.)

More Information

For more informaiton, please visit:
http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/to.html