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Info Africa - UGANDA
Uganda Uganda is a landlocked country in eastern Africa. It shares a border with Rwanda, Tanzania, Kenya, Sudan and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. A huge proportion of Lake Victoria lies in this equatorial country. Two of Uganda’s important cities are located on the shores of Lake Victoria; Kampala and Entebbe. This former British colony, which received independence in 1962, experienced political problems in the 1970s and 1980s as a result of some of its leaders; Idi Amin (1971-79) and Milton Obote (1980-85). Since the 1990s, Uganda has established itself as a peaceful, stable and prosperous country. Uganda is known as ‘the pearl of Africa’ and for good reason. It is home to abundant wildlife (including the famous mountain gorillas) and a very good
climate. At present, Uganda has 10 national parks, 10 wildlife reserves and seven wildlife sanctuaries. Some of the Uganda’s ecological qualities include its tropical forests, the various tea plantations, the snow-capped Ruwenzori Mountains as well as the savannah of Acholi, Bunyoro, Tororo and Ankole. The capital city, Kampala, lies among hills. It is filled with modern architecture, tree-lined avenues, numerous cathedrals, mosques and the palaces of the former Kingdom of Buganda. Uganda has numerous tribes and tribal languages. Over the past few years, Uganda implemented a rigorous campaign against HIV/AIDS and has been very successful in reducing the prevalence rates. Although English is widely spoken in this region, the East African lingua franca, Swahili, is widely spoken in different parts of the country.
CATEGORIES: Demographics - Quick Facts - Economy - Communications - Health Issues
Country Flag: Uganda's Flag

six equal horizontal bands of black (top), yellow, red, black, yellow, and red; a white disk is superimposed at the center and depicts a red-crested crane (the national symbol) facing the hoist side

Nationality: Ugandan

Capital: Kampala

Population: 28,195,754 (July 2006 est.)

Age structure:

  • 0-14 years: 50%
  • 15-64 years: 47.8%
  • 65 years and over: 2.2% (2006 est.)  

Population growth rate: 3.37% (2006 est.)

Literacy rate:

  • ages 15 and above can read and write.
  • 69.9% of the population is literate (male: 79.5%, female: 60/4%) (2003 est.)

Major religions: Roman Catholic 33%, Protestant 33%, Muslim 16%, indigenous beliefs 18%

Languages: English (official national language, taught in grade schools, used in courts of law and by most newspapers and some radio broadcasts), Ganda or Luganda (most widely used of the Niger-Congo languages, preferred for native language publications in the capital and may be taught in school), other Niger-Congo languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Swahili, Arabic

Quick Facts
  • total: 236,040 sq km
  • land: 199,710 sq km
  • water: 36,330 sq km

Area comparative to Canadian province: half the size of the Yukon Territory

Natural resources: copper, cobalt, hydropower, limestone, salt, arable land

Environmental Issues: draining of wetlands for agricultural use; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; water hyacinth infestation in Lake Victoria; poaching is widespread


Uganda is fortunate to have a substantial amount of natural resources. These include fertile soils, regular rainfall and some mineral deposits of copper and cobalt. Over 80% of the work force is employed in the most important sector of the economy; agriculture. In fact, coffee accounts for the most of the export revenues. Since 1986, the government has been implementing economic reform policies, with the support of foreign countries and international agencies.  These include rehabilitating and stabilizing the economy by undertaking currency reform, raising producer prices on export crops, increasing prices of petroleum products, and improving civil service wages. These policies are designed to reduce inflation, boost production and export earnings. The years of 1999 to 2001 saw solid performance in Uganda; continued investment in the rehabilitation of infrastructure, improved incentives for production and exports, reduced inflation, gradually improved domestic security, and the return of exiled Indian-Ugandan entrepreneurs. Uganda qualified for enhanced Highly Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) debt relief worth $1.3 billion and Paris Club debt relief worth $145 million, all in 2000. Economic growth for the years 2001-02 was solid despite the decline in the price of coffee. Economic growth in 2003-05 showed an improvement in Uganda's export markets.

Major industries:

  • sugar
  • brewing
  • tobacco
  • cotton textiles
  • cement
  • steel production

Agricultural products:

  • coffee
  • tea
  • cotton
  • tobacco
  • cassava (tapioca)
  • potatoes
  • corn
  • millet
  • pulses
  • cut flowers
  • beef
  • goat meat
  • milk
  • poultry

Oil production: 0 bbl/day (2003)

Railways: 1,241 km

Road map: 70,746 km (paved: 16,272 km, unpaved: 54,474 km)

Currency: Ugandan shilling


Telephone lines in use: 71,600 (2004)

Cellular lines in use: 1.165 million (2004)

Television Stations: 8 (plus one low-power repeater) (2001)

Radio Stations: AM 7, FM 33, shortwave 2 (2001)

Internet users: 200,000 (2005)

Health Issues

HIV/AIDS adult prevalence rate: 4.1% (2003 est.)

People living with HIV/AIDS: 530,000 (2001 est.)

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