|Number of Countries : 54
Size: 30,065,000 sq km / 11,608,000 sq miles
Percent of Earth’s total Land: 20.2%
Africa is the world’s second largest continent with 53 independent countries. Africa is diverse in its peoples, cultures, religions and languages spoken. Africa is home to many beautiful landmarks, as listed below. For more information about these landmarks, click here.
- The Pyramids of Egypt
- The Nile River (4,160 miles/6,693 km), the world’s longest river.
- The Sahara Desert (3,500,000 sq. miles/9,065,000 sq. km), the world’s largest desert and the Kalahari Desert in Southern Africa.
- Mount Kilimanjaro (19,341 ft/5,895 m), Africa’s highest point and Lac Assal (512 ft / 156m below sea level), Africa’s lowest point.
- Lake Victoria (Africa’s largest lake / world's second largest freshwater lake)
- The Great Rift Valley of Eastern Africa
- The Congo River Basin in Central Africa
Africa has a rich and poignant history; from the origins of African kingdoms and the slave trade era to the independence struggles of the 20th century. African countries continue to face economic and socio-political problems typical of developing countries. However, Africa is courageously working towards a better future. For a history of Africa, click here.